In SuperDARN data, the array data refers to the data after it has been beamformed and all antennas are combined into one array dataset. Typically the SuperDARN antennas are divided into the main antenna array and one interferometer antenna array.

averaging period

A time during which sequences are transmitted repeatedly with the intent to average the received samples together. Averaging period is often used interchangeably with integration time.


This term is often used to denote frequency channels, but in USRPs it is also often used to denote the different transmit and receive physical ports, in which case for SuperDARN the different USRP channels would denote different antennas. We have tried to avoid the use of this term due to the ambiguity.


When using Ettus UHD API this refers to the radio devices, or the N200s in the case of Borealis.

integration time

The time allocated for an averaging period. An averaging period can be defined by the integration time (during which as many sequences as possible are transmitted); or simply by the number of sequences to transmit for the averaging period. Integration time is often used interchangeably with averaging period.


A local machine; for Borealis this is the Borealis computer.


number of averages; equivalent to number of sequences transmitted or number of sampling periods received.


A recorded subset of data. In SuperDARN data, a record contains all data for an integration time, and in the rawacf data the data is already averaged from the integration time.

sampling period

The receive sampling time allocated to a transmitted sequence.


A pulse sequence to be transmitted. Each sequence has a sampling period, which extends past the length of the pulse sequence for some time dependent on the number of ranges to be sampled.